Dr Doyin Aguoru, Department of English, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Dr Doyin Aguoru is a graduate of International Relations, English Studies and Comparative Studies from Obafemi Awolowo University, University of Ibadan and University of Ilorin. She was a visiting scholar at the Arts Research Centre, Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto, Japan in 2007. She has published extensively in journals, reputable theses, books and encyclopaedias. Dr Aguoru’s research interests include gender related discourses, comparative literary studies, studies in national and cultural identity and comparative studies in Nigerian and Japanese theatre. A playwright, director, corporate consultant and conference facilitator, Dr Aguoru lectured in the Department of English and Performing Arts, Olabisi Onabanjo University for over a decade. She currently lectures at the Department of English, University of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
Paper Title: Rethinking gender relations in Africa: from social movements to literary creativity
Gender relations in Africa, though distinctly divergent, converge at specific points with the universal expression of the polemic gender roles that indicate degrees of maleness and femaleness globally. Historical accounts on gender relations in Africa, a continent predominantly patriarchal in configuration, chronicle and reflect vestiges of the culture of silence and marginalization of the African woman. Significantly, the responses of African women in managing and combating the challenges posed by these dominant patriarchal contexts gave rise to the emergence of movements, resistances, advocacy by social and civil societies for the liberation, emancipation and redefinition of womanhood within the universal and African contexts. The necessary emergence of theory based positions of African women over the decades manifest in forms of feminism that have shaped dimensions of the existence of the African woman. Hydra-headed critical approaches emerge from these postures with several of them finding expression in feminist writings portraying the temper and angst of African women. This paper examines these trends vis-à-vis literary representation across the continent, proposing the instauration of a fibre that encapsulates ethical and moral choices. It vigorously negates radicalism, particularly; queerness, intra-gender hegemony or male oppression as counter discourse and counter reformation to patriarchal vices.
Professor Chris Chijioke Ohuruogu, Department of Public and International Law, Afe Babalola University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria
Chris Ohuruogu is a lecturer in the Department of Public and International Law, Afe Babalola University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria. He attended the University of Ife (now Obafemi Awolowo University) and the University of Lagos. He is also an alumnus of the Forced Migration Programme of the American University in Cairo, the International Institute of Humanitarian Law in San Remo Italy, the Bancaja Euro-Mediterranean Course on International Law in Castellon, Spain and International Humanitarian Law in Austria. Chris Ohuruogu was a visiting scholar and teaching fellow at the Human Rights Institute, Columbia University Law School, New York in the fall of 2002 and spring of 2003. His interests include Constitutional Law, Human Rights Law, International Humanitarian Law and International Criminal law.
Paper Title: Protecting women and children in armed conflicts: insight from Africa
Women and children are particularly vulnerable to sexual, emotional and physical abuse in the course of armed conflict. Women and girls are subjected to rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution, forced pregnancy and other forms of violence, while children, especially boys, are often employed as child soldiers. International Humanitarian Law prohibits and criminalises these acts of violence. This paper discusses the various legal protections accorded women and children and States’ responsibility in enforcing them in times of armed conflict. The paper notes that despite these legal protections the condition of women and children in armed conflict particularly in Africa, has not improved. The paper concludes, that given the prosecution of these crimes as crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide by the International Criminal Tribunals and the International Criminal Court that the situation is not completely hopeless. It is hoped that these prosecutions will help deter and prevent widespread violations.
Mrs. Cordelia Eke, Human Rights Institute of the Nigerian Bar Association
Cordelia is a Legal Practitioner called to the Nigerian Bar in 1995. A graduate of the Rivers State University, Nigeria, She holds an LLM in Public International Law from the University of Kent, United Kingdom, and is an Associate Member of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (UK) and the Institute of Chartered Mediators and Conciliators, Nigeria. She has been in active Law practice both in the Private and Public Sector. As an Assistant Director in the Rivers State Ministry of Justice, she worked in the department of public prosecutions for over 10 years and secured several convictions, with the only conviction so far under the Child Rights Law of Rivers State. She is the immediate past Chairman of the Law Officers Association of Nigeria, (LOAN) Rivers State Chapter. Mrs. Eke is currently the first female Secretary of the Nigerian Bar Association, Port Harcourt Branch, and a Council member of the NBA Human Rights Institute. She is the Rivers State Coordinator of the African Women Lawyers Association (AWLA) and Secretary, Women's Interest Group of the African Bar Association. Mrs. Eke is passionate about women and children’s rights advocacy, mentorship and writing. She is married with children.
Paper Title: Enforcement or Lack of Enforcement of Numerous Legislation on Violence to Women and Children
The topic of this paper presupposes that there are already in place numerous legislation protecting women and children against violence. The paper examines some of this legislation as they relate to the subject matter. The paper also identifies the notable enforcement mechanisms and how effective they have been (or otherwise). It also covers the realities on ground and factors militating against progress in that regard. Recommendations are made to engender progress.