Call for Book Chapters
Papers presented at the conference may also be submitted for publication in a book chapter on violence to women and children edited by Prof Osite Agbu, Research and Studies Department, Nigerian Institute of International Affairs; and Ifeyinwa Mbakogu, School of Social Work, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.
All manuscripts are expected to conform to the APA Citation Style
APA Citation Style
APA citation style refers to the rules and conventions established by the American Psychological Association for documenting sources used in a research paper. APA style requires both in-text citations and a reference list. For every in-text citation there should be a full citation in the reference list and vice versa.
Reference Citations in Text
In APA style, in-text citations are placed within sentences and paragraphs so that it is clear what information is being quoted or paraphrased and whose information is being cited.
Works by a single author
The last name of the author and the year of publication are inserted in the text at the appropriate point.
from theory on bounded rationality (Simon, 1945)
If the name of the author or the date appear as part of the narrative, cite only missing information in parentheses.
Simon (1945) posited that
Works by associations, corporations, government agencies, etc.
The names of groups that serve as authors (corporate authors) are usually written out each time they appear in a text reference.
(National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2007) or (NIMH, 2007)
References cited in the text of a paper must appear in a Reference List.
- Order: Entries should be arranged in alphabetical order by authors' last names. Sources without authors are arranged alphabetically by title within the same list.
- Authors: Write out the last name and initials for all authors of a particular work. Use an ampersand (&) instead of the word "and" when listing multiple authors of a single work. e.g. Smith, J. D., & Jones, M.
- Titles: Capitalize only the first word of a title or subtitle, and any proper names that are part of a title.
- Pagination: Use the abbreviation p. or pp. to designate page numbers of articles from periodicals that do not use volume numbers, especially newspapers. These abbreviations are also used to designate pages in encyclopedia articles and chapters from edited books.
- Indentation*: The first line of the entry is flush with the left margin, and all subsequent lines are indented (5 to 7 spaces) to form a "hanging indent".
- Underlining vs. Italics*: It is appropriate to use italics instead of underlining for titles of books and journals.
Townley Charles (2004), Technology and Academic Virtue, London, Behemoth.
Articles in journals, magazines, and newspapers
References to periodical articles must include the following elements: author(s), date of publication, article title, journal title, volume number, issue number (if applicable), and page numbers.
Sonnie Ekwowusi (2011), “The State of Women in Nigeria”, Nigerian Journal of International Affairs, Vol.12, No.6.
Article from Internet source
Osita Agbu (2000), West Africa’s Trouble Spots, Retrieved from www.http://west-africa-trouble.htl, accessed 10 June 2015.
Magazine article, in print
Kluger, J. (2008), ‘Why we love’, Time, Vol.171, No.4, pp.54-60.
Newspaper article, no author, in print
John Bull (2008), ‘As prices surge, Thailand pitches OPEC-style rice cartel’, The Wall Street Journal, p. A9.
Corporate author, author as publisher, accessed online
Australian Bureau of Statistics (2000), Tasmanian year book 2000 (No. 1301.6). Canberra, Australian Capital Territory.
Gibbs, J. T., & Huang, L. N. (eds.) (2001). Children of color: Psychological interventions with culturally diverse youth. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Essays or chapters in edited books
References to an essay or chapter in an edited book must include the following elements: essay or chapter authors, date of publication, essay or chapter title, book editor(s), book title, essay or chapter page numbers, place of publication, and the name of the publisher.
Labajo, J. (2003). Body and voice: The construction of gender in flamenco. In T. Magrini (ed.), Music and gender: perspectives from the Mediterranean. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Research reports and papers
References to a report must include the following elements: author(s), date of publication, title, place of publication, and name of publisher. If the issuing organization assigned a number (e.g., report number, contract number, or monograph number) to the report, give that number in parentheses immediately after the title. If it was accessed online, include the URL.
Congressional Budget Office. (2008). Effects of gasoline prices on driving behavior and vehicle markets: A CBO study (CBO Publication No. 2883). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Technical and/or research reports
Deming, D., & Dynarski, S. (2008). The lengthening of childhood (NBER Working Paper 14124). Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.
Please click here to submit abstract.